Indus Valley civilisation diet had dominance of meat, finds study
Recent research has reported that the people of the Indus Valley Civilization were largely carnivorous. They used to eat the meat of cow, buffalo and goat. The methods of pottery and food found in the Indus Valley region are the basis of this research.
A PhD in archaeology from Cambridge University and now a post-doctoral fellow in France, Suryanarayana has researched the way people eat during the Indus Valley Civilization. His research is published in a journal called Archaeological Science.
Although many studies have been done about the lifestyle of the people of the Indus Valley, this research has basically focused on the crops grown in that region.
Overall, this research focuses on crops used by cattle and people. By the scientific method, these utensils examine what the people of ancient India used to eat and drink in them.
Archaeologists are doing such studies all over the world. Similar research has been done on the pottery of the Indus Valley Civilization.
Indus Valley Civilization Crops
Barley, wheat, rice as well as grapes, cucumbers, brinjals, turmeric, mustard, jute, cotton and sesame were also produced in the Indus Valley Civilization.
Cows and buffaloes were the main cattle in animal husbandry. 50-60 percent of the remains of bones found in the area are from cow-buffalo while about 10 percent of the bones are of goats.
It can be inferred that beef and mutton must have been the favorite meat of the people.
The cow was reared for milk while the bull was reared for farming.
Although the bones of pigs have also been found in the excavation, but what work the pigs would have used is not clear yet. Some remaining deer and birds have also been found.
Rakhigarhi, the site of the Indus civilization in Haryana, was chosen for this research. Pottery found from Alamgirpur, Masudpur, Lohari Ragho and some other places were also collected.
Samples were taken from these utensils and analysis by scientific method showed that animal flesh was eaten in them.
Research has shown that ruminant milk products, animal meat and vegetation were cooked in these pots. There was no difference in this between the urban and rural areas of the Indus Valley. Pottery was also used for some other purposes.
Then there were many ruminants in that area and the direct use of milk products in these utensils was comparatively less.
An earlier study in Gujarat showed that in many earthen parts, mainly milk products were cooked. This research was published in Scientific Reports.
A PhD in Archeology from Cambiz University and now a post-doctoral fellow in France, A. Suryanarayana says that the next phase of research will be to find out what changes in the way food is catering to the background of culture and climate change Returns.
He says that the pottery remains will play an important role in finding these.
They also say that by analyzing the pottery found from archaeological sites in South Asian cities, we will be able to understand the diversity in food and drink in South Asia during prehistoric times.
Suryanarayan has included some information about Indus civilization in his research. In the prehistoric period, the Indus Valley Civilization was geographically spread in areas of modern Pakistan, Northwest India, South India and Afghanistan.
Plains, mountains, river valleys, deserts and seasides were an extension of the Indus civilization in different areas. It consists of five main cities and several small populations whose period is from 2600 BC to 1900 BC.
Necklaces, silver are among the specialties of the Indus civilization. There was a widespread practice of exchange of goods in transactions.
It cannot be said that in the Indus civilization, the cities dominated the villages. The relationship of the two was mainly based on economic exchanges.
After 2100 BC, the western parts of the Indus civilization gradually emptied and the eastern parts developed.
In this era, the city was less in the Indus civilization.
There are many reasons for this, among which the bad monsoon is said to be the biggest reason. The situation remained the same for many centuries after 2150 BC.