Severe Water Crisis is the problem of water in front of 3 out of every 5 cities in India. According to the latest data, the challenges for India are very serious compared to Europe and Africa (Water Risks). India is the only country in the world after Palestine in terms of basin risk.
They say ‘Bin pani sab soon’ and now this saying is going to apply to many cities of the country and the world. You know how the matter of the capital of South Africa or of Chennai in India, not only in India, the waterfall has deepened around the world. The latest survey of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) on this issue has deepened the lines of concern. In this survey (Water Crisis Survey) it has been said that in the next 30 years, 100 cities of the world will have very severe water scarcity and 30 cities in this list are from India.
WWF risk filter analysis of 100 cities that have terrible waterfall warnings In the given, they will have a population of about 35 crores, which will face this crisis. It is clearly said in the analysis that there is still time, but if the right and firm steps are not taken in the direction of climate change, then by 2050, crores of people will be craving for water.
There are 30 cities in India, out of the 100 cities for which the warning of the terrible waterfall has been issued in the list, two cities of India, Jaipur and Indore are ranked 45th and 75th respectively. Another list has been made parallel to this list, in cities, after a few decades, the problem of water may increase greatly. This list includes 28 cities in India.
Amritsar, Pune, Srinagar, Kolkata, Bangalore, Mumbai, Kozhikode, Visakhapatnam, Thane, Vadodara, Rajkot, Kota, Nashik, Ahmedabad, Jabalpur, Hubli Dharwad, Nagpur, Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Dhanbad, Bhopal, Gwalior, Surat, Delhi The names of Aligarh, Lucknow and Kanpur are included in the list of 28 cities. Among all the thirty cities, Ludhiana, Chandigarh, Amritsar and Ahmedabad topped the list.
According to the statement released in this survey of WWF, the reports said about half of these 100 cities are in China, where the watercourse seems to be catastrophic in the next 3 decades. Apart from this, some cities of South Asia, Middle East, South America and Africa are also included. But, amidst all this, the presence of such a large number of cities in India is a big warning.
How much population will be in trouble?
These 100 cities currently have a population of about 35 crores. According to estimates, by 2020, this population may increase by 51 per cent by 2050. It is said in the statement that the purpose of giving these figures is that based on them, plans and strategies can be made for the future. Now the thing to note is what is important in this for India.
why the emphasis on smart city scheme?
In the analysis of WWF, India’s smart city plan has been emphasized because heavy infrastructure construction work is on here. It has been said that the framework of water management in smart cities should be considered. The role of moist land and watersheds in urban areas is important to maintain water balance in cities. Such schemes will be able to avoid problems like floods in future and it will also be necessary to take care of biodiversity.
Where is the most danger in the world?
Who is at the top of this list other than the cities of India? The Egyptian city of Ale Gazandria has been placed on the top of this list of increasing water hazards. After this, the city of Mecca, Tangshan in China and Ad Dammam and Riyadh of Saudi Arabia are also included in the list. The 10 cities at the back of this list are Freetown in Sierra Leone, Taiyuan, Wenling, Guiyang, Yantai and Jiijing of China.
Other major cities in the list of 100 cities include Beijing, Jakarta, Johannesburg, Istanbul, Hong Kong and Rio de Janeiro. Correct management of urban moist land and watersheds has been advised in all these cities. According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, spending at least US $ 1 trillion annually for wastewater treatment, water plants and supply networks will solve the problem.